Someone who hasn’t made things easy for himself and who has thought about what Homer really says, about geography, climate, and other details, is the Italian nuclear physicist Felice Vinci. The world of Homer is incredibly primitive, much more primitive than you might imagine from the movie Troy. There are no grand stone walls, elegant battle formations, or advanced weapons. Most warriors throw stones and spears. There are raw and violent depictions of wounds and injuries. The attacking Achaeans consist of a coalition of chieftains from different regions. They have flat-bottomed ships, which they pull far up on land in something resembling a large, coordinated raid. Similar to the descriptions of the Viking scholars Snorri Sturluson and Saxo Grammaticus.
The Italian Felice Vinci, who himself comes from the cultural cradle of the Mediterranean, has questioned whether the events in the Iliad and the Odyssey really took place in Greece. He has received much criticism for his theory. It’s easy for the uninitiated to dismiss his arguments as foolish Atlantis theories. But Felice Vinci hasn’t used foolery; he has used two exact sciences as a starting point, climate and geography, and has used these to analyze where the events may actually have taken place. He has read, he has calculated, and he has measured. And among all the islands, sailing distances, and climate details, he has achieved a much better compliance when he places the events far up in the north. More specifically around the coasts of the Baltic Sea and the North Sea.